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Bolesławiec

The history of the city is closely related to the history of Silesia, which was joined to Poland in 990 by Mieszko I. In the north-western part of the region, inhabited for centuries by the Slavic Bobrzan tribe, a stronghold called Bolezlauez was established.

City name is associated with the name of Bolesław, which was worn by the first Piasts, including prince Bolesław Wysoki, grandson of Bolesław Krzywousty, who founded a castellany in 1202, and Bolesław Rogatka, the Duke of Legnica, founded the town in 1251. From the beginning, it was a commercial transit center, located at the junction of trade routes to Germany, the Czech Republic and northern Poland. It is marked on the city seal from 1353, in which there are three so-called ribs denoting three road bifurcations.

Throughout history, the city belonged to several political organisms. Until 1392, it was under the Piast rule. In 1392, after the death of Duchess Agnieszka, widow of Bolek I, the Duchy of Świdnica and Jawor came under the rule of the Czech Luxemburg and became part of the Czech Republic. In 1526, Silesia became part of the Habsburg Empire; it was under their rule until 1740. That year, as a result of the Silesian wars, it came under the rule of Prussia. City returned under Polish after the Second World War, in 1945.

In the Middle Ages, trade and crafts played an important role in the economic development of the town, especially pottery, dyeing, linen and milling. The development of pottery in the town in the 15th century confirms the existence of many pottery workshops in 1473 and the establishment of the potters’ guild. In 1531, a sewage and water supply network is built in Bolesławiec – one of the first in Europe.

The development of the city, stopped by the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648), started again at the end of the 17th and 18th centuries. Especially the production of ceramics and pottery developed, for which Bolesławiec became famous throughout Germany and Silesia. In 1851, the city received a railway connection with Wrocław and Dresden. In 1897, the Ceramic School was established. Further urban and population development of the city took place in the 20th century (T. Włodarczyk)

– The Ceramics Museum operating in two buildings: the Ceramics Department (ul. Mickiewicza 13) and the City History Department (ul. Kutuzowa 14), the museum conducts exhibition, educational and workshop activities -> https://muzeum.boleslawiec.pl/

– Bolesławiec Cultural Center – International Ceramics Center – pl. Marszałka J. Piłsudskiego 1C – offers permanent thematic studios for children and adults and two galleries (“W sam raz” and “Mała Biała”) presenting temporary exhibitions-> https://bok.boleslawiec.pl/index.php

– Forum Cinema -> – pl. Marszałka J. Piłsudski, a cinema facility operating under the auspices of BOK-MCC, film screenings and a room sometimes used for occasional events -> https://kino.boleslawiec.pl/

– Center for Cultural Integration “Orzeł” -> ul. Chopina 17, numerous concerts, film screenings, conferences and performances are organized here, and several BOK-MCC studios have their permanent seats there, including music, film and theater studios. -> https://bok.boleslawiec.pl/index.php/bok-mcc/cik-orzel

– Youth Culture Center Stanisław Wyspiański in Bolesławiec – ul. Grunwaldzka 5 – The main goal of MDK is education through art, making participants aware of their creative possibilities and encouraging them to spend their free time actively. There are art, music, dance, vocal, theater and model workshops at MDK. The classes are attended by children from the age of four and young people. -> https://mdkboleslawiec.pl/aktualnosci/

– The Old Theater – ul. Teatralna 1 – belongs to the MDK im. S. Wyspiański, there are theater and music performances, exhibitions, workshops, etc. -> https://mdkboleslawiec.pl/teatr/

– Municipal Public Library Cyprian Kamil Norwida – Knowledge Center – ul. Głowackiego 5 – a modern building with library functions, as a result of the project, a multi-functional, multimedia “Knowledge Center” was created on the ground floor of the building, which was equipped with interactive installations for children and adolescents, such as “learning through play” and for adults / tables and interactive screens, interactive floor with a projector, multimedia presentations. Workshops, meetings, exhibitions and concerts are organized here https://www.mbp.boleslawiec.pl/index.php/biblioteka-centrum-wiedzy/o-nas

– Live Museum of Ceramics – ul. Gdańska 30 – the opportunity to visit the production hall of the Manufaktura ceramic plant in Bolesławiec and the opportunity to take part in the workshops of making and / or decorating ceramics -> https://ceramiczna-przygoda.pl/zywe-muzeum-ceramiki/

 

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