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Kaczawskie Mountains

The Kaczawskie Mountains close the Jelenia Góra Valley from the north, their eastern border is Nysa Szalona River, and the western border is Bóbr River. In the north, the mountains turn into the vast Kaczawskie Foothills. In the north-west they border (through the Bóbr) with the Izerskie Foothills, and in the south-east part with the Rudawy Janowickie. The highest peak is Skopiec in the South Ridge (724 m above sea level).

Geologically, the Kaczawskie Mountains are extremely interesting, because the presence of large limestone areas (in the vicinity of Wojcieszów) is associated with karst phenomena. On the other hand, effusive rocks (basalts) determine the unique character of these mountains in terms of shape. In addition, there are also all other types of rocks – slate, porphyry, malaphyres and sandstones. The entire Kaczawskie Foothills is  build by tertiary basalts. These mountains constitute a low, but very extensive complex (310 km2) with a picturesque landscape. Interesting rock formations are often found on the slopes, and the peaks are formed into cones. Moreover, these low mountains are characterized by a vast and charming foothills, stretching to the north, all the way to Złotoryja. In that area there is a particularly interesting Wilcza Góra (373 m above sea level) with the only basalt rose in this part of Europe.

The Kaczawskie Mountains are an attractive place for long walks and bicycle trips. Cyclists can enjoy a dense network of roads with little traffic and a large number of forest paths. The main tourist destinations are Wojcieszów and Dziwiszów, near Jelenia Góra, where there is a microstation of winter sports. It offers wide, illuminated and snow-covered ski slopes. These mountains are also an ideal viewpoint on the Karkonosze Mountains and the Jizera Mountains.

Among the places especially recommended are all the highest peaks, as well as the Lake Pilchowickie in the Bóbr Valley. It is worth seeing Borowy Jar with the Perła Zachodu hostel located on Lake Modry in the picturesque Bóbr gorge (north of Jelenia Góra). In addition, the Gwiaździsta Cave in Wojcieszów and the local, now closed quarry, from which you can enter two further caves, are worth attention.

In the foothills, it is worth going to: Ostrzyca (501 m above sea level) with a basalt stone wall, Wilcza Góra (364 m above sea level) and the “Wielisławka Organ” – a reserve on the Wielisławka Mountain (375 m above sea level).

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