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Złotoryja

Złotoryja is located in the Kaczawskie Foothills, in an extremely picturesque region that is commonly called the Land of Extinct Volcanoes (from the origin of the rock  formations on the nearby hills).

In the Middle Ages, the city – historically and legally the oldest in Poland, founded under the Magdeburg Law in 1211 by Henry the Bearded – was known mainly for gold mining (hence the name of the village in use today, from German Goldberg and Mons Aurum – Golden Mountain). The history of the city related to mining is interestingly presented in the Gold Museum, opened in 1977, located in a historic building from the second half of the 17th century, which has exhibits from various fields in its collection, including archaeological, geological or numismatic. Moreover, fragments of the mining shaft carved under St. Nicholas of the “Aurelia” Gold Mine, the origins of which date back to the mid-17th century (around 1660, the first tunnel was to be built here). Nearby, on the top of the hill, in the place where the first gold miners settlement was established in the 12th century, stands one of the oldest churches in Złotoryja, the 14th century (and thoroughly rebuilt five centuries later) church of St. st. Nicholas. Other, extremely valuable monuments of architecture include, among others huge church. Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (13th century), from which the tower offers an unforgettable view of the city panorama and the Kaczawskie Foothills or the Karkonosze Mountains, as well as the Old Town in Złotoryja with historic houses near the Market Square, family mausoleums in the municipal cemetery or fragments of medieval defensive walls that have survived to this day .

Explore more:

Slow travel in Lower Silesia

Peace and quiet, unpaved routes - that sounds like slow travel. See the Slow Travel map of Lower Silesia with attractions in the spirit of slow tourism

The legacy of the Reformation – the European Reformation Cultural Route

Five centuries after the Protestant movement initiated by Martin Luther reached the territory of Poland, the cultural heritage of the Reformation is still visible to the naked eye in Lower Silesia and Cieszyn Silesia.

Jawor – then and today

Formerly Jawor, with its medieval castle, erected by Radosław of Bolesławiec, was the seat of the Piast Duchy of Jawor (later: Świdnica-Jawor).

Rudawy Janowickie

Rudawy Janowickie is a small range in the Western Sudetes located  in the area ranging from the Bóbr Valley in the north to the Kowarska Pass (727 m above sea level) in the south and between the Jelenia Góra Valley in the west and the Kamienna Góra Valley in the east. In the vicinity of Janowice Wielkie, they border the Kaczawskie Mountains, and on the Kowarska Pass, with the Karkonosze Mountains.

Kaczawskie Mountains

The Kaczawskie Mountains close the Jelenia Góra Valley from the north, their eastern border is Nysa Szalona River, and the western border is Bóbr River. In the north, the mountains turn into the vast Kaczawskie Foothills. In the north-west they border (through the Bóbr) with the Izerskie Foothills, and in the south-east part with the Rudawy Janowickie. The highest peak is Skopiec in the South Ridge (724 m above sea level).

Lower Silesia by bike – www.rowerem.info

Do you like bikes? Do ride a bike alone, with family or friends? Find your way down easy and fast.

Sudetes

The Sudetes stretch in a 300 km long arc in the south-west of Poland along the Polish-Czech border. The present appearance of the Sudetes is the result of long-term orogenic and denudative processes, when the mountains were uplifted and then destroyed.

Churches of Peace in Świdnica and Jawor

Over 400 years old wooden masterpieces inscribed into UNESCO World Heritage List.