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The nature of the Kłodzko Land

The fact that the land of Kłodzko has been a great place to relax for centuries can be attributed to the wonderful natural values ​​and the crystal clear springs of the spas. The central point of the region, the Kłodzko Valley, is surrounded by the following mountains: Bardzkie, Sowie, Suche, Stołowe, Bystrzyckie, Orlickie, the Śnieżnik Massif, Bialskie and Złote.

Countless panoramas from the mountain peaks are wonderful landscapes of gently undulating mountains, and the landscape itself is as varied and unique as anywhere else. The Table Mountains are a unique place both in Poland and throughout Europe. The uniqueness of the Stołowe Mountains is determined by their geological structure. They belong to the rare plate mountains in which horizontally lying sedimentary rocks have been lifted upwards without folding or deforming their homogeneous structure. Moreover, the sandstone plate located here is the highest elevated plate of this type in all of Europe. Established in 1993, the Table Mountains National Park is a kingdom of various, beautiful rock forms, often clustered in rocky labyrinths (Błędne Skały reserve, Szczeliniec Wlk.) Or scattered in spruce forests, such as Radkowskie Skały, Skalne Grzyby or Białe Skały. Stołowe Mountains are also beautiful because of scenic values. Breathtaking panoramas of even one hundred meters high cliffs or vast views from lazily scattered rocks in the meadows near Łężyce (Savanna Łężycka) will surely diversify the stay for every tourist. There are many beautiful places in the Stołowe Mountains National Park, there are many tourist routes and they are well marked.

 

The most important exceptional and unique natural areas in the Kłodzko poviat:

Śnieżnik Kłodzki – a strict and partial floristic and landscape reserve covering the Śnieżnik peak with a total area of ​​193 ha, created to protect the alpine forest and subalpine pastures.

 

Puszcza Śnieżnej Białki – forest reserve, partial, with an area of ​​125 ha, with special protection of the old mountain forest of the alpine forest type (beech and mountain sycamore),

 

Nowa Morawa – a partial forest reserve with an area of ​​22 ha, created to protect the valuable ecotype of spruce in the mountain beech forest (mixed mountain forest).

 

The Bear Cave in Kletno – a partial geological reserve with an area of ​​89 ha, created to protect the cave with the remains of Pleistocene animals (especially cave bears) along with a forested part of the Kleśnica valley. The Bear Cave in Kletno is the longest of the Sudeten caves and one of the longest and deepest in Poland. The formation of the Bear Cave is closely related to the presence of carbonate rocks and the influence of water from the stream flowing here. The result is the dripstone form of the cave with a great variety of forms and colors.

 

Wilczki Waterfall in Międzygórze – a landscape reserve with an area of ​​3 ha. The highest waterfall in the Kłodzko region and one of the largest in the entire Sudetes. The water falls from a rocky threshold at a height of 21 m and continues along a deep canyon.

 

Peat bog near Zieleniec – a reserve with an area of ​​123 ha. Parts of it called Topieliska and the northern part of the Black Marsh are under strict protection.

There are specimens of plants and animals characteristic only for the Siberian taiga and Arctic tundra, for example: mud pine, dwarf birch, sundews and sedges, and rare species of insects.

 

Błędne Skały – a strict protection area with an area of ​​21 ha. A large rock maze in the western end of the Skalniak table, a great natural peculiarity and one of the main sightseeing attractions of the Table Mountains. Sandstone shoals cut by a network of crevices form a complicated network of passages and pavements filled with rock forms of interesting shapes.

 

Szczeliniec Wielki – a strict protection area of ​​50 ha. The highest peak of the Stołowe Mountains in the form of a plateau. Built of sandstone, it is one of the few fragments of the highest level of the Stołowe Mountains. As a result of the long-term influence of weather conditions, the top sandstone shoal was cut with fissures and fissures, and the fragments between it acquired fantastic shapes. Over time, these forms were assigned the names of, for example, Małpolud (the Monkey), the Wielbłąd (Camel), Tron Liczyrzepy (the Throne of Liczyrzepa), Kwoka and the (Świątynia Indyjska) Indian Temple. Most of them lie on the route leading through the peak.

 

Wielkie Torfowisko Batorowskie – a strict protection area of ​​40 ha. It includes a mountain swamp forest with stunted pines and spruces.

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