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Lower Silesia is known for its mineral waters since the Middle Ages. Many visitors from all over Europe were attracted to these spas in the 18th and 19th centuries.
A dozen or so spas with diverse healing offers have been located here. Lower Silesia’s spas have a unique microclimate, which promotes to rest and recreation.
Spa waters support the treatment of many ailments, such as rheumatism, neuralgia, heart disease, skin, circulatory system, digestive system diseases and many others.
Beautifully located towns, in addition to spa values, also have an interesting cultural and tourist offer. The main health resorts in Lower Silesia are: Complex of Kłodzko Spas (Kudowa-Zdrój, Polanica-Zdrój, Duszniki-Zdrój), Lądek-Zdrój, Cieplice Śląskie-Zdrój, Świeradów i Czerniawa-Zdrój.
These places have long been valued by crowds of people eager for contact with nature, health-minded patients and tourists – both Polish and foreign.
Sources of healing waters are found primarily in the Sudetenland, although they also spurt in the area of Trzebnica near Wrocław. Lower Silesian waters are mostly so-called sorrel – bicarbonate waters with a significant amount of carbon dioxide. Lower Silesian resorts are also well-known and popular tourist and holiday resorts
The oldest Lower Silesian and also European health resort is Lądek-Zdrój. Its waters were already known in the 13th century. In 1459, the first medical institution was built here. It was called ‘Jerzy’, from the name of the owner of these lands, Prince Jerzy of Podebrady.
Lądek-Zdrój placed at the foot of the Golden Mountains, above the rushing, crystal clear, full of trout, Biała Lądecka river is also a favorite destination for holidays and tourist trips.
On the edge of the Stołowe Mountains there is Kudowa-Zdrój – one of the largest Lower Silesian health resorts. Kudowa has the mildest climate in the Sudetes. The spa prides itself a beautiful park with original flora.
There are several public sources of mineral water in the park. In nearby Duszniki-Zdrój, a small town with a charming marketplace and a parish church whose pulpit is shaped like a whale, Fryderyk Chopin stayed for a treatment in 1826. Every year in August, the famous Chopin Festivals are organized here.
In the old part of Duszniki there is a unique monument – Stara Papiernia from the 16th century. You can still see how paper used to be made in the past times.
Polanica-Zdrój spread out in the wide Bystrzyca valley, at the foot of the Stołowe and Bystrzyckie Mountains. They protect the valley from the winds, so the climate there is gentle, without large temperature fluctuations and windless. The Staropolanka is widely known – excellent water from the “Józef” spring.
The old health resort Cieplice Śląskie-Zdrój is currently an administrative part of Jelenia Góra. Cieplice springs have a temperature of up to 62°C. In turn, the sources of Szczawno-Zdrój were known already in the Middle Ages. The peak of the spa’s fame falls on the beginning of the 20th century, when Szczawno was visited by guests from all over Europe and even America. The attraction of the Spa Park are the rhododendrons and the Pontic azaleas blooming wonderfully in May and June. The Świeradów-Zdrój health resort is located on the wooded slopes of the Jizera Mountains.
The climate here tempers body. The air and land in Świeradów are saturated with radon, a gas that strengthens the effects of treatment. The treatment should be preceded by the doctor’s consultation. The management offices for spas may give the advice as well. Sanatoriums are also willingly used by tourists, because they are available to all who would like to strengthen their health.
Czarna Góra Resort - ski & leasure center
A health resort full of attractions.
Today's Polanica-Zdroj is a spa town with fewer than 7,000 inhabitants. It is located at an altitude of 355-430 m a.s.l. The surrounding Sudetes are not very high mountains but they are captivating with their beauty, picturesqueness and immaculate purity as there is no heavy industry in the area. The spa is located in the picturesque valley of the Bystrzyca Dusznicka River.
Ladek-Zdroj is located in the south-eastern part of Klodzko Land in a narrow structural basin along the Biala Ladecka River and on the hills surrounding it. The whole area is covered with magnificent beech, mountain elm, larch, sycamore, spruce and fir trees and surrounded by small but beautifully shaped hills with many paths and walking routes.
Kudowa-Zdroj is located in the western part of Klodzko Land at an altitude of 400 m above the sea level. The lowering in which Kudowa is located is a flat structural basin surrounded from the north-east by the Table Mountains, from the south-east by the Orlica Mountains, and from the south by the Lewin Hills.
A health resort and recreation centre at the foot of the Giant Mountains with a specific piedmont and strongly stimulus climate.
It is a spa town in a wonderful, fairy-like location. Individual parts of the town are in charming picturesque valleys surrounded by forested hills belonging to the Walbrzych Mountains and the Owl Mountains.
Duszniki-Zdroj spa is located in a narrow valley of the Bystrzyca Dusznicka River on a former trade route leading from Czech Prague to Wroclaw. Nearby is the nature reserve ‘Peatland by Zieleniec’ and a uniformly forested ridge of the Orlica Mountains.
Dlugopole-Zdroj is a small village upon the Nysa Klodzka river where you can enjoy water from three healing springs - Renata, Kazimierz and Emilia.
Czerniawa-Zdroj is a small picturesque resort located in a deep valley between the ridges of Stog and Smrek. Thanks to its unique climate it is an ideal place for the treatment of children and relaxation for adults. It is a unique on a national scale spa and recreation complex.
Lower Silesia has been known for its mineral waters since the Middle Ages. Already in the 18th and 19th century spas attracted numerous patients from all over Europe. There are a dozen or so health resorts with various therapeutic offers in the area.
In Ladek-Zdroj a visually impaired artist prepares to renovate a record-breaking egg forgotten by the inhabitants.
Map of Lower Silesian Health resorts: