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Suche Mountains

The Suche Mountains (lit. dry mountains) are the longest eastern part of the Kamienne(Stone) Mountains. Their western and southern boundaries are very clear – they are formed by the Ścinawka river valley at a length of 21 km from the area of Unisław Śl. through Mieroszów, the Czech Republic and Tłumaczów (the river crosses the border with the Czech Republic twice!), to the long village of Ścinawka, the center of which is already in the Kłodzko Valley.

The Suche Mountains initially form several other distinct ridges to the north of the second border ridge. They are up to several kilometers long, and they converge not on the keystone peak, but rather on the pass – the Three Valleys Pass [Przełęcz Trzech Dolin] (799 m above sea level) – an important junction of trails, and in winter a center for downhill and cross-country skiing. There is a well-known PTTK Andrzejówka hostel. The highest peaks are located in this area: Waligóra (936 m above sea level, Suchawa (928 m above sea level), Włostowa (903 m above sea level) and Jeleniec (902 m above sea level). 840 m above sea level. All of them have very steep slopes, and height differences sometimes reach up to 300 m. On the Polish side, the Stożek Wielki (lit. Great Cone) mountain is particularly impressive when viewed from Unisław Śląski, in the Czech part Ruprechticky Špiżak (881 m above sea level) viewed from the south – However, these and other peaks are generally gentle on the other side, they are forested, but the forest on many of its peaks is already very rare and as a result we have a lot of good vantage points here.


The most interesting sightseeing attractions are also located in this part of the Suche Mountains. In 1998, the Landscape Park of the Wałbrzych Sudetes was established here.


The Suche Mountains are almost 25 km long. Only the southern side of the border ridge belongs to the Czech Republic. From the Mieroszów region it leads initially to the east, then turns south-east. and becomes slowly lower and lower. A road connecting Wałbrzych with Kłodzko runs between Głuszyca and Świerki along its northern slope. The border leaves it at the end, so that its last tip lies entirely in Poland, close to the estuary of the Włodzica River into Ścinawka. The Czechs call this ridge or even the whole Suche Mountains: Javożimi Hory. The green trail leads along it – the further part of the long border route from Lubawka. About halfway along this ridge there is a former border crossing (Głuszyca – Janoviżky) for hikers. 2 km to the south-east, it is located here. Leszczyniec (736 m above sea level) stands the Tripoli Stone to mark the confluence of three historical borders: Silesia, the Czech Republic and the Kłodzko Region.


The name of the Suche Mountains could be applied to the entire Stone Mountains. For these mountains are characterized by the low amouns of water. They are mainly made of solid volcanic rock. Due to the very small network of fissures within the rocks that build them, there is very little seepage into the rock mass. There are almost no sources of streams here. The top layer of rock rubble and the underlying soil is shallow and can store little water. As a result, the falling rains quickly flow down very steep slopes. Valleys with streams are very rare and most of the short valleys are completely dry. There are periodic watercourses after greater rainfall and during spring thaws. Such a geological substrate is conducive to the formation of floods and has a negative effect on the vegetation in periods of drought.


Photo Wikipedia, user: Petr Filippov CC BY-SA 3.0

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